This is a simple post that will walk you through the Introduction To Career Opportunities In ICT.
Technology has advanced to become part of human life, and careers in ICT are there to help and guide us in using ICT tools and gadgets efficiently for production.
To me, it’ll be recommended if all nation could adopt to the implementation of ICT in every level of education.
Skills acquired from tertiary educational institutions are there to give us lifetime jobs in particular industry, but that of IT skills are exceptional — since you can work in a lot of industries.
What is Career?
A career can be one job or many jobs. You can work for one company or many companies. A career is sometimes called a “career path.” A career includes education, training, and work experience. In a career, you need to think about how you can grow in your job or move into another job.
What Is ICT?
According to Wikipedia, ICT means Information and Communications Technology which is an extensional term for Information Technology (IT) that stresses the role of unified communications and the integration of telecommunications (telephone lines and wireless signals) and computers, as well as necessary enterprise software, middleware, storage, and audiovisual systems, that enable users to access, store, transmit, and manipulate information.
From web programmer, full stack web developer, software engineer, Database Administrator, Networking Administrator, System Administrator, etc. are all careers you can use to work in varieties of fields when acquired their skills with ICT.
Before you can gain any career in IT to become an industry player in the technology world, you will have to study any of these programs at any of the universities that offer computer related courses in Ghana.
- Information technology
- Computer Science
As nearly all aspects of life become more intertwined with technology, IT Jobs will continue to experience substantial growth during the coming decades.
In accordance with this rising demand in job market, IT jobs often pay well, and many come with desirable benefits, such as options to work remotely, and room for promotion.
Now, let us take a look at some of the career opportunities in ICT.
Career opportunities in ICT: Education Requirements, Job Title & Job Description.
Programmers write code needed for programs to function, test software and update existing software that ar having error codes.
Job titles: digital back end developer, game programmer, graduate analyst / programmer, machine programmer, programmer, SAS programmer, senior analyst programmer, SQL programmer, test consultant, UI programmer.
Education Requirement: Universities, colleges and private computer schools offer a range of programming courses and accredited degrees that fulfill computer programmer education requirements.
Web Developer (front end & back end)
With the developments of websites, web developers design and establish websites with their skills in programming, design of web pages, navigation and user interfaces.
Since Search Engine Optimization is relevant, most web developers have a Search Engine Optimization (SEO) knowledge that can help structure your website and optimize with keywords for search engine ranking.
Job titles: e-learning specialist, freelance web designer, frontend web developer, junior web designer, python developer, python integration developer, quality assurance technician, responsive web developer, SEM assistant, web designer, web developer, web developer internship.
Education Requirements: A website design certificate, College certification or Bachelor’s degree from any recognized University.
A software engineer is a person who applies the principles of software engineering to the design, development, maintenance, testing, and evaluation of computer software.
Software engineering is the systematic application of engineering approaches to the development of software.
Software engineers develop systems and software for businesses.
Job titles: computer scientists, computer programmers or software developers.
Education Requirements: Degrees in Computer Science, Information Systems, or Information Technology. Software engineering is a branch of computer science, and a person has to get at least Computer Science degree from University to get qualified.,
A network administrator is the person that is responsible for keeping an organization’s computer network up-to-date and operating as intended. Any company or organization that uses multiple computers or software platforms needs a network admin to coordinate and connect the different systems.
These Network and computer systems administrators are always responsible for the day-to-day operation of networks.
Job title: Service desk analyst, Network administrator, Network engineer, Network architect, Network manager, Wireless network engineer, Telecommunications manager or specialist.
Education Requirements: certificate or associate degree in a computer-related.
Database administrators use specialized software to store and organize data. The role may include capacity planning, installation, configuration, database design, migration, performance monitoring, security, troubleshooting, as well as backup and data recovery.
The role of a Database Administrator is to make effective planning, installation, configuration, database design, migration, performance monitoring, security, troubleshooting, as well as backup and data recovery.
Job title: Database administrator, database analyst, Database Manager, Data Management Analyst.
Education Requirements: Earn a Bachelor’s Degree bachelor’s in information science or computer science.
A system administrator, or sysadmin, is a person who is responsible for the upkeep, configuration, and reliable operation of computer systems; especially multi-user computers, such as servers. The system administrator seeks to ensure that the uptime, performance, resources, and security of the computers they manage meet the needs of the users, without exceeding a set budget when doing so.
The role of a system administrator is to ensure the Installation and configuration of software, hardware and networks. Monitoring system performance and troubleshooting issues. Ensuring security and efficiency of IT infrastructure.
Job title: Database Administrator, Network Administrator, Security Administrator, Web Administrator, Computer Operator, Site Reliability Engineer (SRE).
Education Requirements: Earn a bachelor’s degree in Computer Science, Information Technology, Computer Engineering or a related field.
IT Security Specialist
Security Specialist maintains an organization’s automated security systems and employee identification card system. Serves as the point of contact for security system related issues. Being a Security Specialist provides training to employees on use and features of security systems.
Job title: Cyber Security Expert, Information Security Analysts, Security Administrator, Analyst, Engineer or Auditor.
Education Requirements: A bachelor’s degree in Computer Science, Information Technology, Cybersecurity or a related field.
User interface design (UI) or user interface engineering is the design of user interfaces for machines and software, such as computers, home appliances, mobile devices, and other electronic devices, with the focus on maximizing usability and the user experience. The goal of user interface design is to make the user’s interaction as simple and efficient as possible, in terms of accomplishing user goals (user-centered design).
Job title: Web Developer, Mobile App Developer, Software Developer, User Interface (UI) designer, User, experience (UX) designer, Programmer, Database Administrator,
Education Requirements: Certificate or Degree in Computer science, Graphic design, Visual design, Web programming, Information architecture, UI design.
A computer repair technician is a person who repairs and maintains computers and servers. The technician’s responsibilities may extend to include building or configuring new hardware, installing and updating software packages, and creating and maintaining computer networks.
The increasing use of technology in nearly every industry is driving demand for skilled computer technicians nationwide, which means there are a lot of exceptional job opportunities.
Job title: Hardware repairer, Software Repairer, Network Technician.
Education Requirements: A bachelor’s Degree in Computer Science, Information Technology or related field.
A Computer trainer is a person who is responsible for teaching students and employees about the technicalities in Computer. This person works as an instructor who specializes in teaching others about computer hardware and software and how they complement each other. He is generally expected to explain how computers work in easily understood terms. A competent computer trainer is normally required to impart his students with enough knowledge about computers to comfortably use them for personal and light business applications.
Topics such as personal computer (PC) software, operating systems for both stand-alone and networked systems, management tools for networks, and software applications for mainframe computers and specific industry management.
Your job duties as a computer trainer include teaching classes of employees or other students, leading discussions on technical support issues, and assisting students that are seeking technical certifications.
Job title: Computer Trainer, Instructor, ICT Teacher, IT Consultant.
Education Requirements: A bachelor’s degree in Computer Science, Software Engineering, Networking, or a related field.
A business analyst (BA) is someone who analyzes an organization or business domain (real or hypothetical) and documents its business or processes or systems, assessing the business model or its integration with technology. Business Analyst helps in guiding businesses in improving processes, products, services and software through data analysis.
Job title: Business Systems Analyst, Systems Analyst, Business Process Analyst, IT Business Analyst, Data Analyst, requirements engineer, process analyst, product manager, product owner, enterprise analyst, business architect, management consultant, business intelligence analyst, data scientist.
Education Requirements: If you have a Computer Science or Business degree, you might want to look at a master’s degree in business analysis.
Data science is an inter-disciplinary field that uses scientific methods, processes, algorithms and systems to extract knowledge and insights from many structural and unstructured data. Data science is related to data mining, machine learning and big data.
A data scientist is a professional responsible for collecting, analyzing and interpreting extremely large amounts of data. The data scientist role is an offshoot of several traditional technical roles, including mathematician, scientist, statistician and computer professional.
Data scientists are responsible for breaking down big data into usable information and creating software and algorithms that help companies and organizations determine optimal operations.
Job title: Data Scientist, Machine Learning Engineer, Machine Learning Scientist, Applications Architect, Enterprise Architect, Data Architect, Infrastructure Architect or Data Engineer.
Education Requirements: Advanced degree in Information Technology, Statistics, Data Science, Computer Science or Mathematics.
Cyber Security Specialist
Cyber Security Specialist is responsible for providing security during the development stages of software systems, networks and data centers.
By monitoring, detecting, investigating, analyzing, and responding to security events, cybersecurity specialists protect systems from cybersecurity risks, threats, and vulnerabilities. Cybersecurity specialists work on IT teams that are dedicated to protecting the integrity of the business’s network and data.
Job Titles: Test Automation Developer, Information Scientist, Mobile Developer, Operational researcher, Data analyst, Systems analyst, Computer sales support, Business analyst, Technical author, Information Technology or software trainers.
Education Requirements: Bachelor’s degree related to Computer Science, and Information Technology certification is often expected.
Computer hardware engineers design and supervise the manufacture and installation of computer systems and related products. They design new hardware systems, test their designs, analyze their test results, and manage manufacturing for completed projects. When new software changes users’ needs, these professionals redesign hardware to work with the new programs.
Computer hardware engineers work with computer systems, servers, and peripherals.
Job Titles: Computer Network Architect, Aerospace Engineer, Computer Programmer, Computer and Information Systems Manager, Software Developer.
Education Requirements: Bachelor’s Degrees in Computer Science and Electrical Engineering.
Mobile Application Developer
Mobile app development is the act or process by which a mobile app is developed for mobile devices, such as personal digital assistants, enterprise digital assistants or mobile phones.
Mobile application developers possess excellent working knowledge of the different platforms, both for smartphones and tablets. Besides, they’re exceptionally adept at the use of computers running under the various operating systems, Windows and Mac included.
Job Titles: Mobile App Designer, Android Developer, iPhone Developer, BlackBerry Developer, Mobile Software Engineer
Education Requirements: A degree in Computer Science or Information Systems
Given above are some of the career opportunities we can find in studying ICT and in our next articles, we shall cover some of the topics like;
- Introduction to Information Technology
- Introduction to Computer Science